28 March 2012

TLDs The Top Level Domains



Domains are much more than just names typed into a web browser. Your domain name is how the world will think of you and your business. A top-level domain (TLD) is one of the domains at the highest level in the hierarchical Domain Name System of the Internet. The top-level domain names are installed in the root zone of the name space.

Top Level Domains

List of TOP Level Domain Names :

Name

Purpose

Description

.aero

air-transport industry

Must verify eligibility for registration; only those in various categories of air-travel-related entities may register.

.asia

Asia-Pacific region

This is a TLD for companies, organizations, and individuals based in the region of Asia, Australia, and the Pacific.

.biz

business

This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register; however, registrations may be challenged later if they are not held by commercial entities in accordance with the domain’s charter. This TLD was created to provide relief for the wildly-popular .com TLD.

.cat

Catalan

This is a TLD for Web sites in the Catalan language or related to Catalan culture.

.com

commercial

This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register. Though originally intended for for-profit business entities, for a number of reasons it became the “main” TLD for domain names and is currently used by all types of entities including nonprofits, schools and private individuals. Domain name registrations may be challenged if the holder cannot prove an outside relation justifying reservation of the name, to prevent “squatting”.

.coop

cooperatives

The .coop TLD is limited to cooperatives as defined by the Rochdale Principles.

.edu

educational

The .edu TLD is limited to specific educational institutions such as, but not limited to, primary schools, middle schools, secondary schools, colleges, and universities. In the US, its usability was limited in 2001 to post-secondary institutions accredited by an agency on the list of nationally recognized accrediting agencies maintained by the United States Department of Education. This domain is therefore almost exclusively used by U.S. colleges and universities. Some institutions that do not meet the current registration criteria havegrandfathered domain names.

.gov

governmental

The .gov TLD is limited to U.S. governmental entities and agencies.

.info

information

This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register.

.int

international organizations

The .int TLD is strictly limited to organizations, offices, and programs which are endorsed by a treaty between two or more nations.

.jobs

companies

The .jobs TLD is designed to be added after the names of established companies with jobs to advertise. At this time, owners of a “company.jobs” domain are not permitted to post jobs of third party employers.

.mil

U.S. military

The .mil TLD is limited to use by the U.S. military.

.mobi

mobile devices

Must be used for mobile-compatible sites in accordance with standards.

.museum

museums

Must be verified as a legitimate museum.

.name

individuals, by name

This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register; however, registrations may be challenged later if they are not by individuals (or the owners of fictional characters) in accordance with the domain’s charter.

.net

network

This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register. Originally intended for use by domains pointing to a distributed network of computers, or “umbrella” sites that act as the portal to a set of smaller websites.

.org

organization

This is an open TLD; any person or entity is permitted to register. Originally intended for use by non-profit organizations, and still primarily used by same.

.pro

professions

Currently, .pro is reserved for licensed or certified lawyers, accountants, physicians and engineers in France, Canada, NL, UK and the U.S. A professional seeking to register a .pro domain must provide their registrar with the appropriate credentials.

.tel

Internet communication services

A contact directory housing all types of contact information directly in the Domain Name System.

.travel

travel and tourism industry related sites

Must be verified as a legitimate travel-related entity.

.xxx

adult entertainment

For sites providing sexually-explicit content.

ABOUT THE AUTHOR
AbhiShek SinGh
Founder of 'TheHackingArticles'. Cyber Security Analyst, Cyber Security Researcher, and Software Engineer. Follow 'AbhiShek SinGh' on Facebook , Twitter or Google+ or via Email

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